Resource Library:

CLF Research

Organizations turn to the Carbon Leadership Forum, at the University of Washington, for data-driven answers to their questions – information they can trust. These funded research projects help understand the full complexity of issues and develop practical solutions grounded in solid science.

2021 Material Baselines

Baseline Report | July 2021In order to set achievable targets, it is necessary to have a baseline from which to compare products within a material or product category. In January, the Carbon...

Read More

transformative materials cover

Transformative Carbon-Storing Materials

Accelerating an Ecosystem | October 2021The potential for meaningful climate impact through materials that serve as carbon sinks now gives such materials a clear advantage, with the potential to...

Read More

Carbon-Storing Materials

Summary Report | February 2021The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): “Limiting warming to 1.5 degrees C will require removing carbon from the atmosphere in addition to reducing...

Read More

Embodied Carbon Benchmark Study

Research Question: What are the typical magnitudes and ranges of embodied carbon in buildings? About The Embodied Carbon Benchmark Study is the first stage of the LCA for Low Carbon...

Read More

Buy Clean

Buy Clean Washington Study

Research Purpose:   Review and evaluate embodied carbon policies to limit the embodied carbon of structural materials used in State building projects. About On January 8, 2018, members of the...

Read More

Wood Carbon Seminars

Research Purpose:   Answer common and critical questions about the carbon impacts of wood from the building industry. The Wood Carbon Seminars was an 8-part webinar series hosted by the Carbon...

Read More

UW Population Health Building

Research purpose:   Determine if the UW Population Health facility would meet the requirements of LEED’s whole building life cycle assessment (WBLCA) credit.  About The Hans Rosling Population...

Read More


EC3 Tool Methodology Beta – 2019

NOTE This beta document has been superseded by the 2021 Material Baselines Report, published in February 2021. The 2021 report constitutes an update to the 2019 Beta Baselines with improved data...

Read More

Tornado Resilience and Sustainability

Research Purpose: Develop embodied carbon estimates of tornado damage to an interdisciplinary NSF research project. Summary Strong winds such as those produced by tornadoes and hurricanes have...

Read More

Seismic Damage (ATC/FEMA P-58)

Research Purpose: ​Develop a comprehensive database of structural and non-structural building component repair. About In evaluating the life cycle environmental impacts of buildings, the...

Read More

Mass Timber Optimization and LCA

Research Purpose:   Explore how mass timber buildings can be optimized for material efficiency, and support a regionally-specific LCA case study of a mass timber office building in the Pacific...

Read More

es_CLSpanish (Chile)